Let’s move into the realm of weapons.
Khirbet Qeiyafa was a fortified settlement on a hostile border (Philistia and Judah), so we expect to find evidence of weapons during the excavation. A few sling stones have been unearthed at the site, like this one and this one.
Here is a well-preserved bronze axe head that was found towards the end of the 2010 season.
It was discovered around a “cultic” (religious) building. Was this axe intended for military action or for something related to a religious ritual, such as cutting wood or butchering animals? Notice the ash in front of the axe head. What was the source of it? Something obviously burned in this spot. Is the ash residue from the handle or from some other source? Maybe we’ll have more information when the official excavation report is published.
The axe head was a bit heavy to hold in spite of its small size. (For scale, observe the boot print at the top right of the photo.)
We also found a couple of arrowheads in an adjacent building. (Sorry, I don’t have those photos.) Both arrowheads came to rest pointing the same way, indicating they were fired from the direction of the Elah valley to the south. This is evidence of an assault on the city from that direction.