Prof. Galil, whose translation of the Qeiyafa inscription created a lot of media buzz, writes that Khirbet Qeiyafa should be identified with a biblical city call Netaim.
Netaim is mentioned only one time in the Bible:
1 Chronicles 4:23 – “These were the potters who were inhabitants of Netaim and Gederah. They lived there in the king’s service.”
The excavators of Khirbet Qeiyafa have identified it as the biblical city of Shaaraim. Yusef Garfinkel and Saar Ganor give some explanation for this identification here. Dr. David Adams also presented a paper explaining this identification at the ASOR meeting last November. The biggest single argument is that Shaaraim means “two gates” – which happens to describe a unique feature of Khirbet Qeiyafa. Perhaps an inscription may be found that settles the question for good, though such a fortuitous discovery is rare in archaeology. In the meantime excavate, research, debate, discuss, follow the evidence.
HT: Todd Bolen