Massive Fortifications in Israel, and Their Meaning

I read yesterday about a newly-excavated large, Bronze Age wall in Jerusalem and had planned to post on it today, but will instead direct you to Ferrell Jenkins’ blog post. He has good information and photos of the discovery.

Strong, massive fortifications with large stones were, and still are, reflections of power. This point relates to the importance of the ongoing Khirbet Qeiyafa excavations. Numerous scholars have insisted that the biblical David and his kingdom did not exist. Their basis for this theory has been a lack of large, monumental structures from that time period (early 10th century B.C.).

Excavations now show that Khirbet Qeiyafa in that period was a strong fortress city with very large stones in its gates and defensive walls. The fortifications contained an estimated 200,000 tons of stone – more than double the weight of a combat-loaded Nimitz class aircraft carrier – and would have required around 10 years to complete. Only a strong monarchy could devote the resources and purpose for that kind of construction. This evidence supports the Bible’s account of David as a strong king over a united Israel.


Notice the size of these stones around the 2nd ("Jerusalem") gate at Khirbet Qeiyafa. (Smaller stones and dirt in the center block the original opening.) A hill chieftain living 25 miles away (as some have tried to describe David) would not have the resources for such large construction around a field city. These stones are evidence of a strong, focused government with manpower, money and purpose.


About LukeChandler

Luke holds an M.A. in Ancient and Classical History and has been an adjunct professor at Florida College in Temple Terrace, Florida. Luke and his wife Melanie have five children. He serves as a minister with the North Terrace Church of Christ and has participated in multiple archaeological excavations in Israel. Luke leads immersive study tours to Europe and the Bible Lands.
This entry was posted in 2009 Khirbet Qeiyafa excavation, Biblical Archaeology, Israel and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to Massive Fortifications in Israel, and Their Meaning

  1. Pingback: New (Solomonic?) Wall Uncovered in Jerusalem « Luke Chandler's Blog

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